Association of Vitamin D Receptor Gene Type That have Osteoporosis Chance from inside the Belarusian and Lithuanian Postmenopausal Females

Supplement D receptor (VDR) is amongst the chief mediators from nutritional D physical craft. VDR dysfunction you’ll significantly sign up to growth of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). Multiple studies have found the results of many VDR gene alternatives toward weakening of bones exposure, regardless if significant adaptation in almost any ethnicities had been recommended. Part of the purpose of it works was to measure the volume out of shipping out of VDR genetic variations which have oriented impression and you will check the haplotype organization towards the danger of PMO inside the good cohort from Belarusian and you can Lithuanian women. Instance classification included people with PMO (n = step one49), the latest handle category constructed women having regular bone nutrient thickness (BMD) and as opposed to previous fragility cracks (letter = 17dos). One another teams was basically matched having age, top, sex, and you can Bmi-zero statistically high differences noticed. VDR gene polymorphic variants (ApaI rs7975232, BsmI rs1544410, TaqI rs731236, and Cdx2 rs11568820) was in fact calculated playing with polymerase strings response and you may limitation fragment duration polymorphism. New lumbar back (L1-L4) and you can femoral shoulder BMD are mentioned playing with dual-times X-beam absorptiometry. Association between for each and every VDR variation and you may PMO chance is actually examined using multiple logistic regression. The brand new genotyping revealed statistically significant difference about rs7975232 genotype frequencies involving the customers and control (homozygous C/C genotype is overrepresented in the people, p = 0.008). Clients that have osteoporosis have been including three times more likely to hold the fresh rs1544410 G/Grams genotype, when compared with regulation. We unearthed that rs7975232, rs1544410, and you may rs731236 alternatives was indeed within the a robust lead linkage disequilibrium (p ?dos.5 and you can as opposed to early in the day fragility splits. The knowledge of your medical history and break background had been obtained by a medical pro.

BMD Measurement

Bone mineral density was measured at the lumbar spine and both proximal femurs using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Prodigy, GE Lunar, Madisson, WI, USA). The lowest value from right or left femur and lumbar spine L1–L4 BMD was taken and used in further comparative analysis.


To own hereditary analyses, venous blood examples was in fact obtained from the latest cubital vein using the Vacutainer system with EDTA (Beckton-Dickinson, Franklin Ponds, Nj, USA). DNA are isolated out-of bloodspots dried towards the special NucleoSafe notes (Macherey-Nagel, Germany) utilising the practical proteinase K digestive, phenol–chloroform removal, and you can ethanol precipitation. Brand new DNA services is actually extracted with an effective phenol–chloroform–isoamyl alcohol mixture to eradicate proteins contamination after which was precipitated with a hundred% ethanol. New DNA try pelleted following the rain action, washed with 70% ethanol to remove salts and you may small natural particles, and resuspended during the a shield in the a concentration right for next data (20–120 ng/µL). The quality and you can love regarding DNA trials have been seemed using Qubit 2 Fluorimeter (Temperature Fisher Medical, USA).

Selected polymorphic variants (ApaI rs7975232, BsmI rs1544410, TaqI rs731236, and Cdx2 rs11568820) in VDR gene were determined using the polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis as described earlier (13). Briefly, the PCR reaction system consisted of 10-µL 10 ? PCR buffer (1 ? buffer = 10 mM Tris–HCl, pH 8.3; 50 mM KCl; 1.25 mM MgCl2), 1.0 µL of 10 ? dNTPs (0.2 mM), 1.0 µL of each primer, 0.5 µL of polymerase, 3.5 µL of mQ water, and 10 ng of genomic DNA. The PCR was performed with an initial denaturation at 95°C for 15 min, followed by 28 cycles of denaturation at 99°C for 1 s, annealing at 60°C for 10 s, and extension at 72°C for 10 s. The PCR amplification was carried out in an automated thermal cycler (C1000, Bio-Rad, USA). The final extension was performed at 72°C for 1 min. The PCR products were size-ide gel at 125 V for 1 h. The 100-bp DNA ladder (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Lithuania) was used to determine the fragments size.